Eikoh Hosoe

Man and Woman #31, 1960 © Eikoh Hosoe

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BIoGRAPHY

For over fifty years, internationally acclaimed photographer Eikoh Hosoe has been producing cutting edge works demonstrating a unique mastery of the photographic medium. Early on in his career he abandoned the documentary style prevalent in the post-war years and produced work that breathed a sense of experimentation and freedom into photography. By calling on mythology, metaphor and symbolism his images broke the bounds of traditional photography. Hosoe developed a unique style situated at the crossroads of several different art forms, combining photography with elements of theatre, dance, film and traditional Japanese art. To this day he continues to push the boundaries of photographic expression.?Hosoe began to gain recognition in the late 1950s with the series Man and Woman (1959). Through the writer Yukio Mishima, Hosoe was to meet Tatsumi Hijikata, one of the founders of Butoh dance. From the beginning of his career, Hosoe has been linked to and inspired by Butoh. This revolutionary performance movement formed in the post-war years, integrating elements of German expressionism and Japanese dance to search for a new social identity in the wake of defeat. After seeing Hijikata’s performance adapted from the novel Kinjiki (Forbidden Colours) by Yukio Mishima in a small Tokyo theatre, Hosoe was inspired and he began photographing the Butoh dancer, a collaboration which continued for many years.

1933 Born in Yonezawa, Yamagata.
1954 Graduates from Tokyo College of Photography.
1956 First solo exhibition, American Girl in Tokyo, achieves great success.
1957-59 Invited to take part in Junin-no-me (Eyes of Ten), an exhibition held by Tatsuo Fukushima in Tokyo showcasing new photographic approaches and aiming to “sever ties with established photography.”
1960 Founds Vivo with Kawada Kikuji, Sato Akira, Tanno Akira, Narahara Ikko and Tomatsu Shomei. The group was short-lived (it disbanded in 1959) but had a profound impact on photography in Japan at the time.
1961-63 Shoots a series of portraits of the novelist Mishima Yukio forming the series Barakei (Killed by Roses) which is first published in 1963.
1965-68 Collaborates on the Kamaitachi series with the founder of Butoh dance, Hijikata Tatsumi. The series is taken in the region from which Hosoe and Hijikata originate.
1975 Offered professorship at Tokyo College of Photography and helps to begin their fine art photography collection.
1976-84 Works on a series of photographs of the architecture of Gaudi, resulting in the publication of The Cosmos of Gaudi, including drawings and poems by Joan Miró.
2003 Photographs the series Ukiyo-e Projections at the Asbestos dance studio before it closes.
2009 Aperture issues a new edition of the seminal book Kamaitachi.

AWARDS | Recognitions

Awards
1960  Photographer of the Year Award, The Most Promising Photographer
Award from the Japan Photo Critics Association, Fuji Photo Contest
1951  Fuji Photo Contest, for his work Poddie Jawoski

Solo Shows (a selection)
1956  An American Girl in Tokyo, Konishiroku Photo Gallery, Tokyo.
1968  Kamaitachi: An Extravagantly Tragic Comedy, Nikon Salon, Tokyo and Osaka.
1969  Man and Woman, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
1973  Eikoh Hosoe, Light Gallery, New York.
1982  Eikoh Hosoe Retrospective 1960-1980, Museum of Modern Art, Paris.
1990  Eikoh Hosoe: Meta, Houston Foto Fest.
2000  Eikoh Hosoe: Photographs 1950-2000, Yamagata Museum of Art, Yamagata.
2004  Eikoh Hosoe: Ukiyo-E Projections, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York.
2006  Spherical Dualism of Photography: The World of Eikoh Hosoe, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo.
2008  Hosoe Eikoh and Butoh: Photographing Strange Notions, LACMA, Los Angeles.
2010  Eikoh Hosoe: Theatre of Memory, Japanisches Kulturinstitut, Cologne.
2011  Eikoh Hosoe – Fotografien, CLAIR, Munich
2013   ‘Eikoh Hosoe: Curated Body 1959-1970’, Miyako Yoshinaga Gallery, New York
2015  ‘ Another Language: 8 Japanese Photographers’, Les Rencontres d’Arles, France

Collections (a selection)
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA

Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France
George Eastman House, Rochester, USA
Hamburg Museum of Art, Hamburg, Germany
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA
Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France
Musée National d’Art Moderne – Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
National Museum of Art, Kyoto, Japan
P. Getty Museum, Los Angeles, USA
Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA
Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan
Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK

PUBLICATIONS

2015  Another Language: 8 Japanese Photographers,IMA Books, Tokyo,
2013  Simmon: A Private Landscape, Akio Nagasawa Publishing, Tokyo
2012  Dance Experience (reprint), Akio Nagasawa Publishing, Tokyo
2009  [Eikoh Hosoe & Tatsumi Hijikata] Kamaitachi, Aperture, New York
2007  Eikoh Hosoe, Deadly Ashes: Pompeii, Auschwitz, Trinity Site, Hiroshima, Tokyo, Madosha, Kyoto
2006  [Eikoh Hosoe & Kazuo Ohno] Butterfly Dream, Seigensha, Kyoto
1999  Eikoh Hosoe, Mark Holborn (Aperture Masters of Photography), New York
1991  Eikoh Hosoe, Meta., International Center of Photography, USA
1986  Eikoh Hosoe, Ronald J. Hill, The Friends of Photography, Carmel, CA
1985  Eikoh Hosoe, Yukio Mishima & Tadanori Yokoo, Ordeal by Roses, Aperture, New York
1984  The Cosmos of Gaudi, Shueisha, Tokyo
1982  Human Body, Nihon Geijutsu Shuppansha, Tokyo
1971  Embrace, Shashin Hyoronsha, Tokyo
[Eikoh Hosoe, Yukio Mishima & Tadanori Yokoo] Ordeal by Roses reedited, Shueisha, Tokyo
1969  [Eikoh Hosoe & Tatsumi Hijikata] Kamaitachi, Gendai-shichosha, Tokyo
1967  Taka-chan, Norton & Co., New York
1963  Eikoh Hosoe & Yukio Mishima] Ordeal by Roses, Shueisha, Tokyo
1961  Yukio Mishima [critical essays], Tokyo
Man and Woman, Camera Art, Tokyo
1955  35 mm Snaps, Kogaso, Tokyo